We will create a permanent bedding area for a wildlife garden. It will be a shrub border because all the plants we will plant are woody perennials. In addition the plants that we plant will attract wildlife.
The bedding area is south facing with a wall positioned to the north of it. Hence, the plants will exposed to a lot of sun. The soil in the bed is well-drained, sandy soil. We have chosen plants that thrive in these conditions.
The bedding area will be informal as this is appropriate for a wildlife garden. Plants will be set out in an informal, yet aesthetically pleasing way. No neat lines of plants, or circles of plants will be planted. There will be no attempt to create symmetry within the bedding area.
The flowers, leaves and fruits within the bedding area will vary in size, shape and texture. Purple, blue and white will be the main flower colours within the bedding area during the summer months.
Tall and dense plants, such as Taxus baccata will be positioned towards the back of the bedding area so that they do not obstruct ones view of the bedding area. Shorter plants, such as Rosemarinus officinaIis ‘Severn Sea’, will be positioned further away from the wall. However, we will avoid focussing on these factors too much because we want to create an informal look.
Cratagus monogyna and Viburnum tinus ‘French White’ will be planted in front of Taxus baccata. None of these plants will be planted so as to make a pattern as we intend to create an informal display. Cratagus monogyna will be positioned towards the centre of the bedding area.
Clumps of Rosemarinus officinaIis ‘Severn Sea’ will be positioned on the outside of the bedding area because it is a low growing plant. If planted behind other shrubs the Rosemarinus officinaIis ‘Severn Sea’ may be shielded from view.
Numerous Buddleias will be planted towards the front of the bedding area. We will plant Cornus alba ‘Elegantissima’ alongside the Buddleias throughout the bedding area.
We chose plants that are good for wildlife. The plants we have chosen provide nectar for flying insects. Some of the plants provide fruits for birdlife as well.
All these plants thrive in the bedding area we have chosen. The well-drained soil that is subject to lots of sunlight allows the plants we have chosen to thrive.
We chose some plants that have blue and purple because these colours look pleasant next to each other as these colours are neighbours on the colour wheel. Blue and purple are cool colours and this helps to make the bedding area look bigger, hence more substantial. In addition these cool colours have a restful effect. White serves to break up the colours somewhat. In a similar way, the grey stone wall behind the shrubs makes the flowers and leaves stand out. This will make the bedding area have a harmonious look throughout the summer months. Red will be a predominant colour throughout the bed during the winter months.
One of the reasons why we chose Taxus baccata was because this plant keeps its leaves during the winter hence it creates interest throughout the year. It looks significantly different from the other plants we have chosen, and therefore stands out well in the bedding area. It has distinctive narrow, leathery leaves that are arranged on two rows on the shoots. We located the Taxus baccata next to the wall because it is a very dense bush and would obstruct ones view of the bedding area if positioned in front of other plants. Taxus baccata is good for wildlife because it can provide winter cover and nesting places for garden birds. In addition its red berries provide winter food for many species of bird. The dark background created by the Taxus baccata will help the white flowers of other plants to stand out well.
A Cratagus monogyna was chosen because this provides interest throughout the year. White flowers in spring give way to red fruits in the autumn. The leaves of the hawthorn are deeply lobed, hence they contrast well with the leaves of other plants in the bedding area. Cratagus monogyna are excellent plants for wildlife because they provide numerous berries for birds during autumn and winter months. Cratagus monogyna was positioned near the centre of the bedding area because it provides interest all year round; it has pretty flowers in the spring and then pleasant looking fruits in the winter months. Hence, it deserves a focal position within the bedding area.
A Viburnum tinus ‘French White’ was chosen for a number of reasons. It has white flowers in winter and this will add interest to the bed at a time when many plants provide little interest. Viburnum tinus ‘French White’ have ovate leaves and these contrast well with the leaves of other plants within the bedding area. I positioned the Viburnum tinus ‘French White’ towards the back of the bed because otherwise its thick foliage could shield plants from view. This plant has white flowers in the spring as well and they will sit well with the white flowers of the hawthorn. The leaves of these two plants vary dramatically. Taxus baccata is a conifer with flat needle-shaped leaves. In contrast the Viburnum tinus ‘French White’ has quite large
We chose Buddleia ‘Lochinch’ for many reasons. It’s arching branches and long, thin, grey-green leaves contrast well with the other plants in the bedding area. They have flowers positioned on distinctive elongated panicles, providing a unique sight for this bedding area. Its purple flowers will sit well with the blue flowers of the Rosemarinus officinaIis ‘Severn Sea’ because purple and blue are neighbours on the colour wheel. They attract many beautiful insects that visitors to the garden can admire.
We chose the low growing Rosemarinus officinaIis ‘Severn Sea’ because we wanted to vary the height of plants within the bedding area. It has aromatic leaves that stand out because of their unique form. We planted this plant towards the front of the bedding area because it is a low growing plant so if planted behind taller plants it would be shielded from view. The blue flowers of the will look pleasant alongside the purple flowers of the Buddleia ‘Lochinch’ because blue and purple are neighbours on the colour wheel. Rosemarinus officinaIis ‘Severn Sea’ is very good for wildlife because it starts to flower in early spring, providing an early nectar source for treasured insects such as bees.
We selected Cornus alba ‘Elegantissima’ because it has lovely red stems during the winter months, a time when bedding areas can look a little bleak. It’s white flowers will go well with the white flowers of the Cratagus monogyna and Viburnum tinus ‘French White’ bushes. The leaves of this plant will contrast well with the predominantly dark green leaves of the other bushes. The leaves are grey-green, white margined and ovate in shape. This shrub provides fruit for birds in the autumn.